Color is one of the important elements that also bring the impression or ambience in an Architectural product. In general, color can also affect our mood. Talking about the paint color of your house, we need to be carefully choosing the colors that we will apply to our home. This is because the paint color application at our house is application in the real ecosystem so that in addition to the physical effects that will also affect the lifecycle of other small creattures around our ecosystem (such as mosquitos, insects, and so on).
However, before further talking about the paint color application on walls, one of the basic things we need to know about color is Color Theory. Kris Decker, has comprehensively explained the Basic Theory of Color and its application in design. Although Decker explains the Color Theory in the context of graphic design, but the basic things about color selection and its implications still important for us to know before we choose the right color composition for our home.
The color itself is actually a visible wave (light) that has a certain wavelength so that when the eyes capture it and perceived in the brain, it will be seen as a particular color.
In the science of color formation model, according to Decker, there are two main models of color formation, namely: Red-Green-Blue (RGB) Model and Cyan-Magenta-Yellow-Key / Black (CMYK) Model. Basically, at small times we will be more familiar with the CMYK color model than RGB. What is the CMYK model? CMYK color model is a color model that we usually find on print materials such as books, papers, brochures, posters, and also walls. Color model is what we used when we were little and painted with watercolor or crayon, adding and mixing one color with another color to produce a new color. The easy language, CMYK color model is the color that is formed by the reflection of light on a colored media.
While the RGB color model is a color model that is mostly found in electronic devices that have screens such as televisions, computer monitors, laptops, smartphones and various other modern equipment. RGB color is a color whose mixing color properties are additive (in contrast to CMYK whose color mixing is substractive). This means that this RGB color comes directly from the light source (in this case the screen / laptop monitor / computer / smartphone, etc.) that leads to our eyes. So obviously the color separation of the RGB and CMYK color models will look different. In the design world of selection between RGB color models (usually for presentation purposes on the screen) and CMYK color models (usually used when designs have to be printed / applied directly physically) will be crucial to the end result.
Well, for the purposes of choosing the color of our house paint, of course now you understand that the color model that we apply is a CMYK color model. Actually, various home paint companies have been providing a variety of color choices from the dark (shade) to a lighter color (tint). Thus, you no longer need to bother mixing the paint yourself to get the color you want consistently.
One thing you need to understand in Color Theory is the color wheel. Decker explains clearly about this color wheel in his article.
This color wheel basically describes Primary, Secondary, and Tertiary colors in one wheel/circle. As we have seen, the primary color is the main color which when mixed with each other will form a secondary color. While the secondary color when mixed back together will produce tertiary color. From here will appear a color that still displays some of the characteristics of the primary / primary colors, but has the difference either the color difference itself or the difference in color intensity, for example, becomes darker or brighter.
Well, the color in this color wheel according to Decker can be divided into two groups, namely: a cool color (semicircle to the left in the picture above) and colors that are warm (half circle in the right side in the image above).
Selection of this color which will be applied on your house paint paint will certainly affect the impression you want to show.
In the world of design itself, the selection of these colors usually follow the color scheme. This means that we as homeowners usually do not choose only one color because it will feel very plain (even Architect who only apply one color to the building actually keep using the color scheme. The difference is that he only plays shade and tint only from one color that he chose).
There are three ways to select the color scheme according to Decker, namely: Complementary color schemes, Analogous color schemes, and Triadic color schemes.
Compelementary Scheme means we choose two opposite colors inside the color wheel to be the color scheme / theme we use. The characteristic of this scheme is that the resulting design will show sharp contrasting colors. For example (you notice the color wheel above), if you choose Red and Green or Yellow and Blue (two opposite colors in the color wheel) you are applying a complementary scheme.
The advantages are colors that appear contrast and sharp, thus strengthening the identity. Nevertheless in the long run this scheme will be tiring for the eyes.
The second scheme is Analogous scheme is more calm. This is because the color chosen is the colors that match in the color wheel. Suppose you choose the colors yellow-orange-red. A matching color gives rise to a flowing impression and does not surprise the eyes, so it will be more comfortable to see.
While the last scheme is the Triadic scheme, where we choose three colors that the distance between the three colors is divided equally in the color wheel. For example when we choose Blue, Green and Red colors mean we are applying the Triadic scheme. however, for residential houses it seems rare Triadic color scheme we find. Perhaps this scheme will be more suitable applied to graphic design such as poster design / logo for example. However, that does not mean you can not explore and choose this color scheme lho ..
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